Santiago de Cali, simply referred to as Cali, is a city in western Colombia and the capital of the Valle del Cauca Department. With a population of 2.5 million, Cali is the third largest city in the country. It has one of the fastest growing economies and infrastructure in the country because of its geographical location. The city was founded on July 25, 1536 by the Spanish conquistador Sebastián de Belalcázar.
It's best known for its salsa music.
In December of 2010 the U.S. State Department issued a travel warning against visiting Cali, warning of a surge in crime, general insecurity, guerrilla activity and kidnappings.
Cali is considered the most dangerous urban center in Colombia, with more than 2200 homicides in 2010. Crime is a big problem, and there are also urban militias of the FARC-EP active in the metropolitan area. See theStay Safe section of this article.